These merged in the swing band milieu, and expressions similar to “Hit that jive, jack” and “Let’s get racy with Count Basie” punctuated the repartee and banter of not solely musicians, however dancers, listeners, writers, and others in the “hip” crowd and became part of frequent parlance. Even the humor of, for instance, “Nagasaki,” “Flat Foot Floogie,” and “Is You Is or Is You Ain’t My Baby?” was to be present in rock and roll songs of subsequent many years. In a number of respects, swing bands contained within them the seeds of future developments in music and tradition for many years to come back.
Pianist Thelonious Monk (1920–1982) made his first recordings in the mid-Nineteen Forties and infrequently collaborated with different jazz greats together with saxophonist Sonny Rollins (1930–), saxophonist John Coltrane (1926–1967), Miles Davis, and Charlie Parker (1920–1955). Most early residents of New Orleans had been Creole, people of Spanish, French, or African descent, and the early musicians brought the sound of their specific heritage to create a style of jazz that became generally known as Dixieland.
Having studied classical music as a teen, Marsalis turned the first musician ever to win Grammy Awards in both jazz and classical in the identical year . Music of the Forties included jazz, however its sounds have been typically incorporated and mixed with these of classical, blues, and swing. Jazz pianist William “Count” Basie (1904–1984) was also a bandleader whose band performed for more than fifty years. He integrated jazz in a structured, orchestral setting and his band backed a few of the most outstanding jazz vocalists of the time, including Billie Holiday (1915–1959), Lester Young (1909–1959), and Herschel Evans (1909–1939).
Drummers who were leaders also contributed to those developments; Chick Webb within the Thirties was one of the first to bring drums front and heart, a job popularized by Gene Krupa and leading to Max Roach and Art Blakey, among others. In one other respect, the small combos throughout the big bands, Count Basie’s Kansas City combos, for example, or Goodman’s Quartet, presaged bebop bands, similar to those led by Charlie “Bird” Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, and progressive jazz ensembles, such because the Modern Jazz Quartet. Even the fusion of European classical music with jazz, as in the compositions, arrangements, and taking part in of band leaders Artie Shaw and Eddie South, were corresponding to Third Stream developments in the 1950s. Scholars disagree on how to define jazz and swing, but many assert that the sooner bands of James Reese Europe, Fletcher Henderson, and Duke Ellington, as well as Oliver, were basic to swing’s evolution.
Along with blues and jazz dancing, a particular means of speaking, swing slang or jive discuss, accompanied the music and was even adopted in articles concerning the music and musicians. Some attributed this slang to Louis Armstrong’s affect, but the jazz world, the underworld, and leisure circles have at all times had their distinctive argots.
- Since the very beginning, jazz has been a continually evolving, increasing, and altering genre of music.
- Jazz music originated in New Orleans over 100 years ago, with roots that can be discovered within the musical traditions of both Africa and Europe.
- No longer the favored music of the lots, jazz turned extra aloof, intellectual, and troublesome, and aimed at connoisseurs.
On the eve of World War I, James Europe’s orchestra carried out at New York City’s Carnegie Hall—one full decade before Paul Whiteman and a generation earlier than the jazz concerts of the late Thirties were staged on this hall. James Europe’s music grew out of ragtime and popular dance music, as did Henderson’s and Ellington’s. Don Redman, Henderson’s arranger, is commonly credited with having the reed or brass sections perform passages in call-and-response sequences, but Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton additionally used this distinctive voicing and organization.
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Another time period for this kind of music, which was performed on brass devices, is creole jazz. Dixieland music is marching band music with offbeat rhythms and improvised solos. Early Dixieland musicians included pianist Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton (1885–1941) and cornet player Joe “King” Oliver (1885–1938).
Most if not all the contemporary dance music within the United States stemmed from this custom. The enhanced role of the drummers, of lengthy drum solos, of melodies that were mainly riffs, and of the incessant dance beat foreshadowed the rhythm and blues of the Forties, which got here to be known as rock and roll in the Nineteen Fifties.