Not surprisingly, educator age and years of experience were no longer significant as individual predictors of overall MBQ scores, suggesting a redundancy between these variables3. This indicated that while only one of these two educator characteristics was required to capture adequately an increase in general music beliefs, the most logical and best choice was years of experience, as educator age displayed too much overlap with other factors in the model . To investigate which factors may influence educators’ general beliefs and values, a series of six bivariate linear regressions were performed. These analyses were conducted individually to identify firstly any important contributing factors to the shaping of overall music beliefs. This study focused on illuminating educators’ demographic profile, music engagement beliefs and values held, and factors shaping music beliefs and values.

Such benefits are evidenced across the lifespan, including early childhood (Gerry et al., 2012; Williams et al., 2015; Linnavalli et al., 2018), adolescence (McFerran et al., 2018), and older adulthood . Within these lifespan perspectives, research into music’s contribution to health and well-being provides evidence of physical and psychological impacts (MacDonald et al., 2013; Fancourt and Finn, 2019; van den Elzen et al., 2019). Benefits are also reported in terms of young people’s educational outcomes (Guhn et al., 2019), and successful musical activity can enhance an individual’s sense of social inclusion (Welch et al., 2014) and social cohesion (Elvers et al., 2017). The course is broadly based but allows increasing specialisation and choice as you proceed.

In the wake of the summer of love, Black music had its own celebratory season at the 1969 Harlem Cultural Festival, where Stevie Wonder, Nina Simone, Sly And The Family Stone, Mahalia Jackson and others put on quite possibly the greatest musical event you’ve never heard of. When David Byrne walked onto an empty stage with a guitar, a boombox and a casual “hi, I got a tape I wanna play”, Talking Heads and director Jonathan Demme upturned the conceit of the ‘authentic’ concert film and began building the band and the stage spectacle around him as a visual art statement. Film and live music performance fused right there, and Byrne’s recent American Utopia movie would later repeat the seemingly unrepeatable. Before he set out across America to tell the tales of legendary studios for 2014’s Sonic Highways series, Dave Grohl delved into the history of LA’s Sound City Studios, where ‘Rumours’-era Fleetwood Mac were formed and Nirvana’s ‘Nevermind’ roared into life.

This could explain why the three-factor model failed to emerge as the superior explanation for the data, as the data itself may not have contained the necessary spread of scores to better determine and discriminate among more than one factor. This in turn, could also explain the very high correlations observed between the three latent constructs within the proposed three-factor model. In summary, these studies demonstrate that engaging in musical activity can have a positive impact on health and well-being in a variety of ways and in a diverse range of contexts across the lifespan.

However, music education was relatively less strongly endorsed for its contribution to children’s education outright, or concerning the transferable skills that might help establish and cultivate other academic and self-development areas of a child’s life. Therefore, it would appear that music education was most strongly and pervasively perceived as primarily an aesthetic activity for children, with less recognition, or perhaps understanding, of its utilitarian value to the broader academic and learning spheres. This finding is not surprising, with Yazejian and Peisner-Feinberg highlighting how arts activities are often placed as secondary to activities that are considered to help children in areas of cognitive development such as numeracy and literacy.

His clients include major entertainers, publishers, record companies, songwriters, industry executives, film companies, managers, producers, and other participants in the music industry. The picture presented above is cause for concern, as there is an implied neglect of a curriculum area in our children’s education and development due to teacher’s not feeling confident about music’s place and value. There is evident need to ensure that pre-service teacher education builds teachers’ confidence and capacity to provide the full range of curriculum areas, and draw on the benefits of music for children’s learning and development. Secondly, the general lack of score variability—as seen from the restriction of range on many scale items—may have interfered with the appropriate clustering of scores that serve to differentiate the various factors more cleanly. This may have obstructed identification of the true magnitude of correlations among the various scale items and, similarly, identification of the groups of intercorrelations that form the basis of factors.

The marriage of art and commerce has always fascinated me’they can’t exist without each other’yet the concept of creative freedom, and the need to control costs in order to have a business, are eternally locked in a Vulcan death match. While I was there, I played lead guitar with a band called the Rhythm Method. But it was quickly becoming clear that my ability to be in the music business and eat regularly lay along the business path. Tax law, like intricate puzzles, was a lot of fun, but when I discovered there was such a thing as music law, the electricity really turned on.

Applicants’ instrumental or vocal performance skills should be at a minimum of Grade 7 level. Musicians who can demonstrate performance at this level but who have not taken practical examinations are also encouraged to apply. You can experience music recording and production on any scale – from voice-over to full-orchestra – thanks to our broad musical community. You will explore roles, discover what professionals really do, and find out how to maximise your future employment opportunities in a vibrant and growing sector. It will give you an in-depth understanding of your chosen field, as well as set you up for your next steps as a professional.

Watch our videos to see for yourself the power of music for those with dementia. Incorporating music into your life can act as a social bridge as well as evoking emotions, memories and easing low mood. You’ll be adding your voice to our campaign, helping us to spread the word about the power of music.