Donald S. Passman is a graduate of the University of Texas and Harvard Law School. He lives in Los Angeles with his wife and four children and practices law with the firm of Gang, Tyre, Ramer, Brown, and Passman Inc. Passman has specialized intensively in the music business for more than thirty years and is frequently cited as one of the most influential people in the entertainment industry.

Our ability to engage with arts and culture has been made almost effortless, but at what environmental cost? By reflecting on your own creative practices, you’ll be equipped with the skills and understanding you’ll need to shape the arts practices of the future. This module gives you the time, space, and expert support that you need to bring your individual project to life.

A minority of educators were presently studying while concurrently working, either obtaining their ECEC qualifications or completing higher degrees usually with a clear focus on the relevant study fields of early childhood education, child care, and Primary/Secondary education. Concurrent with this documented decline in educator preparation to teach and use music in early childhood education and care, there has been increasing recognition of the role early education and care plays in producing positive long-term development and learning outcomes (cf. Siraj-Blatchford et al., 2011). Governments internationally (Schober and Stahl, 2014; Department for Education, 2015) have focused on measuring and promoting access to quality early education and care; a development largely driven by the OECD. Australia is no exception to this with the Council of Australian Governments agreeing in 2009 to a National Early Childhood Development Strategy entitled Investing in the early years . In short, there is significant recognition of the importance of early years learning and engagement and a strong commitment from a range of agencies in Australia to pursue a national agenda for improvement.

It also should be acknowledged, however, that these formulations are merely conjecture based upon the presence of restricted range issues within the present data set. Reference to other similar scales for guidance in this matter—although wise—may not prove useful, as there exists some constructs for which people have a general tendency to express highly positive attitudes. Therefore, scores reflecting such variables will always be restricted in range and negatively skewed in its natural form.

You’ve probably chosen music yourself to evoke a particular reaction in your brain, just like when gym-goers put on a motivational playlist full of energy to get them through a workout. All of this is, of course, backed by research that shows that music can affect our emotions in different ways. Happy, upbeat music causes our brains to produce chemicals like dopamine and serotonin, which evokes feelings of joy, whereas calming music relaxes the mind and the body.