Frith adds that it is “not driven by any significant ambition except profit and commercial reward […] and, in musical terms, it is essentially conservative”. It is, “provided from on high rather than being made from below … Pop is not a do-it-yourself music but is professionally produced and packaged”. Although much of the music that appears on record charts is seen as pop music, the genre is distinguished from chart music. Identifying factors usually include repeated choruses and hooks, short to medium-length songs written in a basic format (often the verse-chorus structure), and rhythms or tempos that can be easily danced to. Much pop music also borrows elements from other styles such as rock, urban, dance, Latin, and country. Before the progressive pop of the late 1960s, performers were typically unable to decide on the artistic content of their music.

The word “progressive” was frequently used, and it was thought that every song and single was to be a “progression” from the last. Music critic Simon Reynolds writes that beginning with 1967, a divide would exist between “progressive” https://www.anatoliabrookline.com/ and “mass/chart” pop, a separation which was “also, broadly, one between boys and girls, middle-class and working-class.” According to Grove Music Online, “Western-derived pop styles, whether coexisting with or marginalizing distinctively local genres, have spread throughout the world and have come to constitute stylistic common denominators in global commercial music cultures”.

Therefore, the term “pop music” may be used to describe a distinct genre, designed to appeal to all, often characterized as “instant singles-based music aimed at teenagers” in contrast to rock music as “album-based music for adults”. From about 1967, the term “pop music” was increasingly used in opposition to the term rock music, a division that gave generic significance to both terms. While rock aspired to authenticity and an expansion of the possibilities of popular music, pop was more commercial, ephemeral, and accessible. According to British musicologist Simon Frith, pop music is produced “as a matter of enterprise not art”, and is “designed to appeal to everyone” but “doesn’t come from any particular place or mark off any particular taste”.

The chorus is often where the music builds towards and is often preceded by “the drop” where the bass and drum parts “drop out”. Common variants include the verse-chorus form and the thirty-two-bar form, with a focus on melodies and catchy hooks, and a chorus that contrasts melodically, rhythmically and harmonically with the verse. The beat and the melodies tend to be simple, with limited harmonic accompaniment.

Some of these trends have had a significant impact on the development of the genre. S John Matson reported that this “seems to support the https://www.wikipedia.org/ular anecdotal observation that pop music of yore was “better”, or at least more varied, than today’s top-40 stuff”. However, he also noted that the study may not have been entirely representative of pop in each generation.

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